Chapter 12:- Non-Aligned Movement (ICSE)

Q1. What is meant by the term non aligned movement?

Ans. It does not support or aligned with any power bloc, aimed at keeping away from cold war.

Q2. Name the two architects of NAM held?

ANS. Jawaharlal Nehru of India and Marshal Josip Broz Tito of Yugoslavia.

Q3. Where and in which year was the first summit of NAM held?

Ans. The first summit of NAM was held at Belgrade in September 1961.

Q4. Mention any two objectives of the Non-Aligned Movement.

Ans. Any two objectives of the Non-Aligned Movement :-

  1. To promote and reinforce multilateralism and in this regard, strengthen the central role that the United Nations must play.
  2. To promote unity, solidarity and cooperation between developing countries, based on the shared values and priorities agreed upon by consensus.

Q6. Mention the founder of NAM.

Ans. President Tito of Yugoslavia, President Nasser of Egypt, Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru of India and President Sukarno of Indonesia.

Q5. Name the basic principles of Non- Alignment or Panchsheel?

Ans. Non-aggression. Peaceful co-existence. Equality and mutual benefit.