chapter 1:- climate
Q.1. Name the source of the winter rain to Tamil Nadu.
Ans. North-East Monsoon winds.
Q.2. Jaipur has a higher annual range of temperature than Mumbai. Give reasons.
Ans. Jaipur is situated in the interior part of the country, far away from the influence of the sea while Mumbai is a coastal city and is influenced by the sea. Thus, Jaipur has a higher annual range of temperature than Mumbai.
Q.3. Western coastal plains receive more rainfall than the Eastern coastal plains. Give a reason.
Ans. Western coastal plains receive more rainfall because the Western Ghats check the south-west moisture-laden winds to cause heavy rainfall. These plains are on the Windward plains side of the Western Ghats.
Q.4 (i) Name a state that is the first to experience the onset of the monsoon.
(ii) How does the "Mango shower" influence the state of Karnataka?
Ans. (i) The Arabian Sea branch of the Southwest Monsoon first hits the Western Ghats of the coastal state of Kerala, thus making this area the first state in India to receive rain from the Southwest Monsoon.
(ii) Towards the close of the summer season, pre-monsoon showers are common in Karnataka. These help in the early ripening of mangoes, thus often referred to as 'mango showers'.
Q.5. (i)What is the name given to the climate of India?
(ii)Mention any two factors responsible for such a name?
Ans. (i) Tropical monsoon climate.
(ii) Effect of monsoon wind/Latitudinal extent/ Tropic of Cancer passing through its center/ effect of Himalayas.
0.6. Name the following:
(i) The winds that bring heavy rain to Cherrapunji.
(ii) The local wind that brings light rainfall to South India and is good for tea and coffee crops.
Ans. (i) South-West Monsoon winds from the Bay of Bengal branch
(ii) Mango Showers or Cherry Blossoms.
Q.7. Mention the different sources of rain in Punjab and Tamil Nadu during the winter season.
Ans. Punjab-rain from the westerly depressions western disturbances. Tamil Nadu - rain from the northeast monsoons.
Q. 8. Name two types of cyclonic systems that affect India and two areas that receive rainfall from these systems.
Ans. (i) Tropical cyclones over the East coast of India (Odisha, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu).
(ii) Temperate cyclones over North-western India (Punjab and Haryana).
Q.9. (i) Name the type of climate prevailing over India
(ii) Mention any two factors responsible for it.
Ans. (i) Tropical monsoon type of climate prevails over India.
(ii) (a) The climate is influenced by changing pattern of monsoon winds.
(b) Tropic of Cancer divides the country into two halves. Latitudinal effect.
Q.10. Rainfall in India is orographic in nature.' Give an example with reference to the distribution of rainfall and the effect of relief on its distribution.
Ans. Mountains or relief are responsible for the distribution of rainfall in India. For example, the Western Ghats act as a barrier for the south-west monsoon winds which results in heavy rainfall on the windward side of the Ghats while the leeward side of the Western Ghats remains dry.